Security Manager for VMware ESXi

Release Notes

Date Published: September 2011



Security Manager for VMware ESXi allows you to monitor VMware ESX and ESXi systems. This module provides knowledge so you can proactively manage ESX and ESXi systems and identify issues before they become critical. By detecting and alerting on critical events in real time, Security Manager for VMware ESXi helps indicate and prevent possible intrusions, attacks, and configuration problems. This module increases the security, availability, and performance of ESX and ESXi systems.

Security Manager for VMware ESXi monitors syslog messages generated by ESX and ESXi systems, including the following:

  • Host administration actions
  • User account password changes
  • Host logins and login failures
  • Host Tech support mode actions
  • Virtual Machine (VM) configuration and management changes

Security Manager for VMware ESXi highlights events that may indicate configuration changes or attacks, so you can quickly take corrective or preventative action. For example, Security Manager for VMware ESXi enables you to perform the following tasks:

  • Detect management and configuration changes to VMs
  • Identify possible attacks on the ESX or ESXi system or its VMs
  • Monitor you environment from a single console

Security Manager for VMware ESXi also collects events from logs and stores them in secure repositories so you can archive the data, create reports for management or auditing purposes, and analyze critical events to research issues. Security Manager for VMware ESXi collects all log messages you configure the ESX or ESXi system to send.

NetIQ often makes improvements to modules in direct response to suggestions from our customers. We thank you for your time and valuable input. We hope you continue to help us ensure our products meet all your needs. You can post feedback in the Security Manager forum on Qmunity, our community Web site that also includes product notifications, blogs, and the Security Manager user group.

This document outlines why you should install this module, lists any installation requirements, and identifies any known issues.

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Supported Products

This release supports the following products:

  • VMware ESX or ESXi 4.0 and later

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Why Install This Module?

Security Manager for VMware ESXi provides support for data received from monitored VMware ESX or ESXi systems. The volume and type of data that Security Manager for VMware ESXi collects is determined by the configuration of the ESX or ESXi system and the policies you have created on the ESX or ESXi system.

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System Requirements

The following table lists additional requirements for a Windows agent. For more information about agent requirements, see the Installation Guide for NetIQ Security Manager.

Category Requirement
Processor 1.5 GHz Intel Pentium III or equivalent.
Memory 40 MB minimum. The amount of memory usage varies and depends on the environment, including event rate and other factors.
Operating System All supported Windows agent platforms.
  • Ensure you have Security Manager 6.5 or later installed.
  • Ensure you have the latest version of the Security Manager Self-Monitoring module installed. This module is required for optimum functionality of the product.

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Installing This Module

Install the module using the Module Installer utility. For more information about installing modules, see the Installation Guide for NetIQ Security Manager.

You can verify successful installation of the module in the Module Installer. After the installation completes, verify the Status column indicates the module is current and the module version listed in the Installed Version column is the same as the version in the Available Version column.

After you install the module, run the Configuration Wizard to configure Security Manager for VMware ESXi. For more information about using the Configuration Wizard, see the User Guide for NetIQ Security Manager.

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Configuring ESX and ESXi for Remote Logging

After you install the module, you must configure the ESX or ESXi system to log events to a remote host where Security Manager for VMware ESXi can access them.

To configure ESX or ESXi remote logging:

  1. Open the VMware vSphere client.
  2. Select Home > Inventory > Hosts and Clusters.
  3. In the left pane, click the ESX or ESXi system.
  4. In the right pane, click the Configuration tab.
  5. Click Software > Advanced Settings.
  6. Click Syslog > Remote.
  7. Specify the address of the remote logging computer.
  8. Click OK.

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ESX and ESXi Event Fields Used by Security Manager

Security Manager for VMware ESXi collects various fields from the data received from the ESX and ESXi systems. Security Manager stores some of those fields in the log archive and uses some fields for generating real-time alerts or in Forensic Analysis queries.

The following table lists the ESX and ESXi data fields most commonly used by Security Manager and maps those fields to the corresponding names and values used for real-time alerting, log archival, and Forensic Analysis. You can use these fields to create processing rules or Forensic Analysis queries tailored to your specific environment. For more information about processing rules, see the Programming Guide for NetIQ Security Manager.

Real-Time Parameter Name/Number Log Archive Field Name Forensic Analysis Column Name
N/A analyzer.model Platform
$UserName Target User
1 assessment.impact.severity Severity
2 userfield_string_001 Logging Component
3 correlationalert.alertident Correlationalert Alertident
4 action Action
5 Status.description Status Description
6 target.object.path Target Object Path
7 source.service.port Source Port
8 userfield_string_002 Datacenter
9 Target Object Name
10 target.object.value.original Target Object Value Original
11 target.object.value.modified Target Object Value Modified
Target Node
Target Address
13 source.interface Source Interface
14 userfield_string_006 Port Group
17 Source Node
18 target.object.type Target Object Type
19 Task Name
20 userfield_string_010 Task State
21 source.node.address.address Source Address
N/A classification.origin Log Source Name
N/A common.category Data Category
N/A common.classification Event Classification
N/A common.classification.type Event Classification Subtype
N/A Status Status

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Contact Information

Our goal is to provide documentation that meets your needs. If you have suggestions for improvements, please email We value your input and look forward to hearing from you.

For detailed contact information, see the Support Contact Information Web site.

For interactive conversations with your peers and NetIQ experts, become an active member of Qmunity, our community Web site that offers product forums, product notifications, blogs, and product user groups.

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Legal Notice

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